The Triumph of the West

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The level of advancement of a empire is often measured by its progress in agriculture, long-distance trade, occupational specialization, a special governing class, and urbanism. That girl is stupid after all, though she has got a certain amount of low cunning which no doubt is very useful at times.'' ``I forbid you to talk like this about Rose. Even Dominic failed me, his moral entity destroyed by what to him was a most tragic ending of our common enterprise. Every year millions of Americans celebrate St.

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Virgin Mother Goddesses of Antiquity

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He attacked only one country there-Israel.[128] Last but not least, Israel does have many devoted friends in Norway. Northwestern India and what is now Pakistan became a centre of Islamic literature as early as the 11th century, with Delhi and Agra being of special importance. The rate of cultural evolution for many human societies during the last two centuries has been unprecedented. Blunt in a ragged old jacket and a white tie and that incisive polite voice of his seemed strange and weird.

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The Civilization of China

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The two biggest killers of children worldwide today are polluted water and air. Agriculture is relatively new, only emerging between 12,000 and 8,000 years ago and has often caused environmental damage, but has led to the social changes that have allowed the formation of our modern civilisation. In fact, the system has proved to be the most agile and resilient against the liberal human traditions.... [tags: indian culture, religion] Reformation in Western Europe - Reformation in Western Europe During the Sixteenth century, a widespread Religious reformation took place in Western Europe.

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Empires of Food: Feast, Famine and the Rise and Fall of

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Your present is the result of your past thoughts and your future will be according to your present thoughts. It would seem such a liberty to take with a person one had known so slightly in life.'' gre is the only person to ask about her, after all this uninterrupted companionship of years, ever since he discovered her; all the time, every breathing moment of it, till, literally, his very last breath. The period from the 9th to the 6th century B.

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Men, Women, and Domestics: Articulating Middle-Class

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I had never heard anything like that talk about you before. There was nothing reckless there worthy of a great passion. At this point I propose to transcribe some notes I made at the time in little black books which I have hunted up in the litter of the past; very cheap, common little note-books that by the lapse of years have acquired a touching dimness of aspect, the frayed, worn-out dignity of documents. Thou sands of scientists and inventors have independently pursued FE technologies, but all such efforts, if they had promise or garnered any success, have been suppressed by a clandestine and well-funded effort of global magnitude .� However, this essay will lay most of that aside until near the essay�s end, other than to note that one of Einstein�s prot�g�s, David Bohm, theorized that space is anything but empty. [23] � Einstein also stated that his general theory of relativity resurrected the idea of an ether that his special theory of relativity supposedly rendered obsolete. [24] � According to Bohm�s computation, the energy existing in �empty space� is unimaginably vast, as one cubic centimeter of it contains more energy than is contained in all the mass of the known universe.� One of Fuller�s pupils not only subscribed to the notion that �empty� space is not empty, but he helped build technologies that harnessed that energy source, and his life�s story, like my former partner�s, is hard to believe, but has impressive evidence for its validity .� A ccording to him, the recently discovered Higgs boson is part of an effort to � rebrand � what has been called the zero-point field and other names over the years, which is the field that FE technology often harnesses. [25] � I have encountered dozens of instances of scientists with theories that challenge the Standard Model of particle physics, and their primary upshot is a �new� energy source, which is often called zero-point energy. [26] � But, bl ack projects [27] and �leading edge� theory aside (theory that is far older than I am), technologies have been publicly available for many years whose operation upends some of science�s oldest theories. [28] � �White science� (AKA "Establishment" or "mainstream" science) has great defects, especially when its pursuit conflicts with deeply entrenched economic and political interests.

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The University: An Illustrated History

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The alphabets of the Middle East and India are also thought to derive, directly or indirectly, from the Phoenician alphabet. We’re happy to announce that a new store dedicated to Firaxis Games has opened shop. Reduction in male hormones led to softer facial features - rounder heads, less prominent brows. Althou gh there is evidence that writing began about 5000 BCE, Sumer became the first literate civilization about 3000 BCE, after their invention of cuneiform around 3300 BCE .� Mesopotamian peoples had used clay tokens for accounting since about 8000 BCE, and elite accounting was typical of the first writing systems, or tales to aggrandize the elite.� For instance, the quipu of the preliterate Incas was an accounting tool.� By the Third Dynasty of Ur, silver became the official unit of accounting, to be supplanted by gold a millennium later, probably due to Egyptian influence. [628] � One of th e earliest known works of literature is the Epic of Gilgamesh, dating to as early as the Third Dynasty of Ur, which began about 2150 BCE.� A brief review of the epic highlights elite themes and dynamics of early civilization.� Gilgamesh was a king of Uruk around 2500 BCE, and was one-third man and two-thirds god.� In the epic�s first tablet, he used his kingly prerogative to sleep with Uruk�s young women the night before marriage, and his subjects beseeched the gods for assistance.� The gods responded by creating a � wild man � to distract Gilgamesh, and after Gilgamesh defeated him in battle they became friends.� Gilgamesh then suggested that they travel to Lebanon�s cedar forest and kill the demigod guardian of the forest .� They journeyed to the cedar forest, killed the demigod, deforested the groves, and rafted back to Uruk with the demigod�s head and a particularly large tree to be used in a temple .� After the wild man�s untimely death at the hands of the gods as punishment for killing the demigod, Gilgamesh then made otherworldly journeys to learn how to become immortal.� After defeating stone giants and felling more than a hundred more trees, Gilgamesh built a boat to survive the coming flood, sent by the gods, and in a story that almost certainly inspired the Old Testament�s tale of Noah, Gilgamesh survived the flood along with the animals he saved, and gods gathered around the sweet smell of Gilgamesh�s sacrifice.� After more adventures in an attempt to become immortal, Gilgamesh lamented his folly.� The writers of the Epic of Gilgamesh knew that deforestation led to droughts, and Gilgamesh�s war against the forest foreshadowed the fate of numerous Old World civilizations. [629] �The city-states of southern Mesopotamia made regular journeys to Lebanon�s cedar forest.� The ruler of Lagash, not far from Uruk, had plans for aggrandizing his legacy and leveled cedar forests and rafted their logs downriver to Lagash to fulfill his grandiose schemes. [630] �The city-states of southern Mesopotamia deforested upstream river valleys and rafted logs to their downstream cities.� Wars between the city-states, and wars of foreign conquest to secure forests and navigable rivers (particularly the Tigris, Euphrates, and Karun of today�s Iran), were common then.� Wood became such a coveted commodity that it could approach the value of precious metals and stones, and Akkad�s rulers placed names on mountains corresponding with what tree predominantly grew on each one. [631] What came with the logs, ho wever, was silt and salt.� Southern Mesopotamia practiced irrigated farming, so salination and siltation eventually wrecked Sumer.� By the Third Dynasty of Ur around 2100 BCE, the king Ur-Nammu made dredging silt from canals a high priority, and his dredging initiative temporarily revived agriculture and made Ur�s port navigable once again, which had already filled with silt. [632] � Wheat is more sensitive to saline soil than barley.� In 3500 BCE, wheat and barley were grown in equal amounts, but salination began taking its toll.� By 3000 BCE, when Sumer became the world�s first literate society, their tablets record Sumer�s decline.� By 2500 BCE, wheat amounted to only 15% of the total crop.� By 2100 BCE, wheat comprised only 2% of Sumer�s crops.� Wheat was not the only casualty.� Salt-tolerant barley did better, but crop yields began falling precipitously around 2400 BCE, and a steady decline reached only a third of 2400 BCE yields by 1700 BCE. [633] � Sumerian people began migrating upriver to lands that had not yet been devastated, Sumer�s population declined by more than half, and famine was a regular visitor as croplands became white with salt.

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Entertaining and instructive exercises, with the rules of

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It began abruptly: ``If you are gone to sea then I can't forgive you for not sending the usual word at the last moment. Mills without a word flung himself on the divan and, propped on his arm, gazed thoughtfully at a distant corner where in the shadow of a monumental carved wardrobe an articulated dummy without head or hands but with beautifully shaped limbs composed in a shrinking attitude, seemed to be embarrassed by his stare. He is most exacting.'' I felt extremely sick at heart. ``And so I am to drop everything and vanish,'' I said, rising from my chair again.

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The Rise And Fall Of The Roman Empire: Life, Liberty, And

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Thanks to my friend Jessica Mitts for the link, and the one that follows. They were especially interested in the movements of the planet Venus — the Maya rulers scheduled wars to coordinate with its rise in the heavens. Artists are interested in “moblogs.” WANG: In China, fashion, more than music, drives personal expression. This was an important article because it offered the possibility that the Mayan signs could be read by comparing them to the Libyco-Berber symbols (Rafineque, 1832).

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Civilisation: A Personal View

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It is the cultural matrix and glue which binds together white�controlled institutions into systems; and white�controlled systems into the global white supremacy system. At 2.6 mya, today's ice age began.� It ended the Neogene Period and initiated the Quaternary Period, which we still live in.� The term �Quaternary� is one of the last vestiges of Biblical influences on early geology and refers to the time after Noah�s flood .� The Qu aternary�s first epoch is the Pleistocene, which ended 12 kya, at the beginning of this ice age�s most recent interglacial period .� The past 12 tho usand years are called the Holocene Epoch .� The current ice ag e has come in phases, and about a million years ago a steady rhythm of advancing and retreating ice sheets began and has recurred about every 100 thousand years, which is certainly related to Milankovitch cycles .� During this ice age, the land fauna was already adapted to Icehouse Earth conditions, and during 17 or more ice sheet advances and retreats over the past two million years, there were not any large-scale extinctions, except for the most recent one.� Below is an artist's conception of Pleistocene Spain. �(Source: public domain from Wikipedia) In general, the large-sized fauna guilds that have dominated the past 40 million years were well represented on all continents.� Proboscideans thrived in all inhabitable continents and biomes that they could migrate to. �In N orth America, mammals whose size would astound (and terrify) modern observers included the short-faced bear (about the largest carnivore ever), a bison with horns two meters wide, the largest cat ever, giant mammoths, the largest wolf ever, and the largest beaver ever .� They only seem large because of today�s stunted remnant populations.� With the exception of the bison, they all lived for millions of years, through numerous ice age events, all to go extinct just after humans arrived, along with many other species, such as the American cheetah .� The other continents had similar giants.� Australia had a kangaroo about the size of a gorilla and the largest lizard ever. �South east Asia had the largest primate ever, which dwarfed today�s gorillas.� With only Africa and parts of Eurasia as partial exceptions, virtually all large fauna went extinct, worldwide, soon after human arrival, and how humans came to be is the subject of a coming chapter.� This chapter falls at about this essay's midpoint, and humanity's role in this story has yet to be told.� As I conceived this essay, studied for it, wrote it, edited it, and had numerous allies help out, an issue repeatedly arose regarding the half of this essay just completed, and can be summarized with: "What was the point?"� Not everybody asked it and some understood, but others wondered openly and sometimes subtly what the purpose of this essay's first half was (and some asked if the essay had any point at all and considered my effort a waste of time).� This chapter is my reply, and I think it is important to understand.

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Theories of Imperialism

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The question is one of determining what may be called the break-off points: the areas, moments, or forces that led to differentiations. From patxarán in Navarra, to orujo in Galicia, from sherry in the region between Jerez and Cádiz, to the sweet wine from Málaga, somewhat similar to port wine from Oporto, the various traditions that have defined each of the regions permeate deeply to every aspect of Spanish culture, from what digestive to follow your meal with, to the style and material used to erect buildings in the area.

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